save – Energy And Economy

Introduction
Energy is one of the critical challenges facing our world at the present time, such things as the continuation of the oil production in quantities commensurate with the increasing rates of consumption and the growing demand, and the consequent environmental challenges of carbon dioxide emissions caused by the burning of oil, which lead to the aggravation of the phenomenon of global warming inside of earth’s atmosphere and influential on the environment in the image of the continuously rising global average temperature to show a group of serious problems: such as sea level rise threatening the sinking of some low-lying areas and river delta formed over thousands of years, impact on Water Resources and Crop Production including threatens rights directly to mention the decline in both efficiently managed if productivity was food and livestock, as well as to the spread of some serious diseases such as malaria.

This has been a serious indicators an incentive for a country such as England in order to combine a team of its scientists to study the impact of such climatic changes environmental setbacks as a result of that group of scientists – led by Sir Nicholas Stern. The issuance of the report in late 2006, is located in around 700 pages containing a review of the economics of climatic changes and their impact on the world economy through the influence of environmental system and all development activities in the coming decades, the findings of this report disappointed the hopes of the many who questioned the romance of the destructive impact of climate change and marched behind the saying “the ballast and future environmental will solve the problems”.

 

In the past, the point of view of the economists that environmental protection projects and maintenance are high-cost and unnecessary, and has ignored the environmental considerations when examining the debtors and focused their interests to economic considerations, but with increasing pressures on environmental resources and the deterioration of many of these resources and exhaustion, realized many economists and their palace and believed that the omission of the environmental dimension of negatively affect on the economics of the projects in the long run, which called for the claimant to take into account the environmental dimensions of the projects in the elaboration of development plans, with the aim of protecting the environment, on the one hand, and to ensure the success of those projects and continuity, in the meeting of the Group of Eight major countries which was held on 7 June 2007 agreed the leaders of these States to an accelerated process that would eventually lead to a reduction in emissions that contribute to global warming “significantly”.

 

The leaders said in the declaration issued in the city of Heiligendamm, Germany, “We are committed to take strong action to snuff out to address the issue of climate change”, he demanded the leaders of major industrial countries – who described the climate change that represents “an urgent challenge”. Many countries energy-use which represent a major source of the emission of greenhouse gases configure global framework by the end of 2008 to deal with the emissions of these gases. Such a framework would serve as a basis for, by the end of the year 2009, to the Convention on the wider global under the auspices of the United Nations to replace the Kyoto Protocol once it is completed in 2012.

Which appeared in the new US law that the text of the “Stop the side of tax exemptions enjoyed by U.S. oil companies and 16 billion dollars to use in the search for alternative sources of energy, as well as to obliging companies using the power resulting from the wind and solar energies, including at least 15% of the energy consumed by the year 2020.”

And it is more appropriately be considered to each of the environmental feasibility economic feasibility as opposites, but must be regarded as two sides of the same coin is sustainable development, or development of environmentally-backed. Assessing the environmental benefits of projects environmentally sound making investment in these areas more attractive.

The current level of stocks of greenhouse gases of the glass in the atmosphere of about 430 ppm of carbon dioxide is high, particularly when compared with the focus of the 280 ppm only before the industrial revolution, causing this already concentrations in lifting the earth temperature about 0.6 degrees Celsius, alongside the other increases anticipated during the next few decades by the inertia of the climate system.

 

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The advantages of the use of nuclear energy advantages and disadvantages

Nuclear energy

When it comes to nuclear energy advantages Its disadvantages comes to mind what happened of painful incidents in this area; in 1986, specifically in Ukraine was one of its nuclear reactors to the accident of radioactive leakage, which led to the killing of thirty-one persons in addition to exposing the thousands to the risk of nuclear radiations and caused by the distortions and obstructions.

 

Remember what happened in Hiroshima and Nagasaki on the Japanese when they were fired on by U.S. planes the first atomic bomb and what that caused thousands of victims, despite the painful memories in the history of nuclear reactors but that nuclear energy in general has its advantages, what is the nuclear energy? How arise? What are the advantages and disadvantages?

 

The production of nuclear energy

The so-called on the energy produced from the control of the interactions of the splitting of the integration of atomic cores nuclear power, is access to nuclear energy through n toward Noi uranium particles leading to fission composed n the other attack the nucleus of the other atoms causing a series of nuclear fission, in each case, the splitting of the releases thermal power high, and the establishment of nuclear reactors to generate electric power where energy resulting from the nuclear fission for heating water, which in turn formed of water vapor temperature high-works to move the turbine fins and electric power generation which benefit people.

The features of nuclear energy

The Nuclear Energy several features: The easy availability of materials used in nuclear reactors is a: the element of irradiated Uranium easy transfer materials other than oil and coal in need of difficulty in extracted from underground replication and transfer, and that the nuclear reactors do not need a large area like power generation solar or wind power, and that nuclear energy produced one ton of uranium equivalent millions to weaken the energy produced by oil and coal, and do not cause nuclear energy emission of harmful to the environment such as carbon dioxide sulfur dioxide produced by the burning of oil and coal and the consequent problems of global warming, acid rain and other

 

The disadvantages of the use of nuclear energy

 

The disadvantages of nuclear energy is known and does not conceal one, the most important of the fears of the leakage of nuclear radiation from nuclear reactors, there is also a difficulty in getting rid of nuclear waste that resort to the developed countries to the Buried in Geological layers so as not to impact amounts to human rights.

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