The risks of the petroleum industry

Petroleum industry risks:
petroleum-industry-risks

The oil industry was a dangerous industry in all its phases, and here

I was supposed to be the outset strict rules and procedures in the

field of environmental protection from contamination or leakage

and implementing operational safety procedures to protect workers

and means of production and preserving the environment.

Petroleum industry risks deepened under development processes

and increasing demand for oil used for primary energy needs as

petroleum and natural gas so that it came to that oil provides more

than 90% of the needs of some countries particularly densely

populated as in Egypt, in addition to the importance and the role of

oil as the source and mainstay of national income in many

producing countries, increased public awareness of the need to

protect the environment and human beings and especially oil

industry workers from risk.

Oil workers are exposed to four types of risk (almkhatraltabiaet,

chemical hazards, risks, psychological risks-psychological

mechanism).

Is natural hazards oil workers to any exposure to the Sun to heat

during excavations in the open equality in the desert or the sea.

Exposure to noise, vibrations caused by radiation exposure, drilling

him exposure to dazzling light and electricity in welding processes.

Causing many diseases (such as heat stroke, anemia, leukemia,

melanoma, the opacity of the lens of the eye).

Chemical hazards through gasses, fumes and vapours, dust rising in

the working atmosphere. Causing gases damage up to a choking,

infections, may cause awanfgarat fires that extracts petroleum

fulminating and explosive.

Automated risk related to operations completed in workshops

attached to petroleum installations in order hull maintenance.

Psychosocial risks lies in not working adjustment with isolated

working atmosphere for family and friends in places of Vice in the

desert or the sea causing the worker feel alienated and lonely and lost.

Prevention of risks of petroleum industry:

In order to minimize mkhatarsanaah petroleum workers in oil

projectsnecessary maraat:

1. to provide accommodation for workers ‘ health in addition to the

facilities that make life tolerable in deserts or at sea and abandoned
areas.

2. provide entertainment and healthy food and clean drinking water

and protective clothing for workers.

3. providing good transportation to transport workers to the oil

fields and oil facilities.

4. Organization of work and rest periods and weekly and annual

leave to cover feelings of alienation and deprivation suffering from it.

5. care too voluminous and maintenance of oil refineries to prevent

leakage of fumes and gases along the dimensions of refineries on

cities and agricultural areas to protect the surrounding environment

for oil refineries.

6. provide all means of fire protection and the necessary equipment

to protect workers and oil cisterns which may be exposed to fire,

and there must be a suitable distance between the tank and the

other to secure the means of prevention and this is what needs to be

done also for gas depots, which must be equipped with automatic

fire and means to be out of the accommodation and the cities.

7. equipping tankers with all means of prevention of fires and

explosions with washing oil tankers because of oil pollution of seawater.

8. designing outlets lifeboat and save into tankers and provide

employees with tools to prevent noise from oil and gas its fumes.

9. smoking prevention during the unloading of tankers and beware

of poisonous hydrogen sulfide gas and also wary of oil and gas

pipelines from wells to export ports either underground or above.

10. you must provide ventilation in refineries to workers poisoned

by sulfur compounds, vanadium, arsenic, carbon monoxide gas and

hydrogen sulfide.

11. do not use dry sweeping methods to prevent the spread of

asbestos dust used in heat-insulating works and some other

industrial actions, as necessary to save asbestos in bales lined with

plastic and kept in a sealed receptacle and switch work clothes

before leaving the workplace.

12. requiring wear prevention such as hats and gloves and welding

goggles and earplugs for noise prevention and anti-llbkherh masks

gags and toxic gases as well as special shoes.

13. attention to workers ‘ awareness seminars and posters to inform

them of their risks and prevention profile. plus provide petroleum

installations function competently aid professional and public

health through the efforts of the supervisors of industrial security

and OSH doctors a Checkup and periodic inspection and primary

workplace and measuring gases and vapors and dust to be kept in

secure borders together care for medical records and reports and

statistics for common diseases and occupational diseases even

easier to follow the health conditions of workers and against any risks.

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