The position of the global energy

Growing World consumption of energy resources for the day after day, at the level of primary energy consumption beyond the barrier of 200 million barrels of oil equivalent per day, pumps food and energy in human and animal life are granted communications networks and communications and other. The bulk of these sources of fossil fuel, while contributing to solar energy, wind, heat, and underground shyly by 0.5%. According to a report by Sir Nicholas Stern – former World Bank Chief Economist. the energy sector globally contribute about 24% of the greenhouse gas greenhouse according to the data registered for 2000, which puts the energy on top of the sources of greenhouse gases stigmatizing the electric power generation of fossil reputation for good-globally even in countries that contribute to the clean energy sources by rates is ok.

The Greenhouse greenhouse, contribute to America alone about 25% of the total of these gases, it should be noted that the increase in petroleum exploration during the 1950s of the last century oil issued a list of energy sources of America, to the global energy crisis in 1973, retreating oil consumption in an attempt to compensate for the lack of supplies more than America from its dependence on coal and natural gas, and demands that the administration of President Bush energy planners to increase reliance on nuclear energy to meet the increasing demand on energy, which translated in the budget for the fiscal year of 2007 about 633 million dollars, up 18 percent on the previous year.

 

For Wind Power, has spread used in many countries of the world and the largest of these rates in European countries, Denmark gets about 15 percent of its electricity from wind turbines, in parts of Germany be generating about 75% of the electrical energy from the wind. The total capacity in the world of wind turbines about 59206 megawatts, an increase of 20% from the year 2005. The global increase in the growth of the combinations of wind turbines to the saturation of production factories to signed contracts to supply the turbines after two years at least, while it did not take in the past only a few months. This in spite of the rise in the prices of the turbines at about 35% as a result of the global increase in the prices of raw materials as well as the increase in the demand for wind turbines.

Different future estimates of amounts expected oil output, but he can say ranging between 1000 – 2200 billion barrels, with Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, the United Arab Emirates on the 51.2% of this reserve, whereas the share of each of North America, Europe and the rest of Asia countries gathered about 10%.

Energy locally and regionally

 

1-Egypt
locally – in Egypt covering the electrical network of about 99.3% of the population with a total installed capacity of 23 gigawatts last year for the fiscal year 2006/2007, the plan of the Ministry of Electricity and Energy rate of increase in average annual rate of 7.5%, which means the installation of nearly 1,500 MW annually. If we look to the elements of the package of electricity generation we would find it represents 86% of thermal power stations, and 12.6%of water stations, 1.4 % of wind farms.

The fact that the natural gas is the basic fuel – besides the diesel fuel. In the operation of thermal power stations which constitute the mainstay of the sources of the electric power generation in Egypt, knowledge of the future estimates is crucial in the balance of energy which studies indicate the availability of about 67 trillion cubic feet of natural gas to be sufficient for approximately 35, any that Egypt will turn after this period to the state of imported fuel thermal stations, which means an invoice electricity cost prohibitive.

Egypt has vast resources of the sources of the wind and the sun, which can support the government’s orientations toward greater reliance on renewable energy technologies in the provision of energy in the future. In this framework, occupies the renewable energy and a distinguished position in the plans of energy production, in this context, it had established the New and Renewable Energy Authority in 1986 to serve as a focal point in the provision and promotion of renewable energy technologies.

According to the initial measurements conducted some sites on the Red Sea from Egypt enjoyed wind power capacity is enormous, the measurements of the detailed survey of the Gulf of Suez Canal lasted from 1991 until 1995, in order to pass the construction in 1996 wind atlas of the Gulf of Suez, including data on speeds wind directions during that period, the number four sites is Abu stairs, Al-zafrana, Oil Bay and Hurghada, all located on the Red Sea coast. In view of the Excellent these areas at speeds high winds have encouraged many international bodies to cooperate with Egypt in the preparation of studies and the establishment of wind farms to generate electricity with linked on the network. In March 2003 Issued Atlas detailed winds of the Gulf of Suez, in cooperation with the Danish Rizzo, whereas wind atlas of the Arab Republic of Egypt in February 2006.

 

And energy projects of the wind, which established in Egypt, wind farm pilot phase which established at the end of the 1990s the ability of 5.4 megawatts in Hurghada, which aimed to gain experience in the theory and practice of diverse wind power, followed the establishment of wind farms business and represented in the establishment of a farmer capacity of 305 MW was funded in cooperation between the new and renewable energy authority as a representative of the Egyptian government and Danish Governments, German, Spanish, have been put forward global bidding to sell certificates of erus to be obtained from these projects.

It was the beginning of the implementation of the two farms with a total capacity of 240 megawatts financed as follows: a wind farm 120 megawatts in cooperation with the Japanese government and 120 megawatts in cooperation with the Danish government. It is expected access with a total installed capacity of wind power to 7,210 megawatts by 2020, accounting for its participation with the rest of the renewable sources of 20% of the total electric power generation, of which 12% of wind power and the rest of the hydro energy.

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